Quill Books before print mediamediamediamediamediamedia
choosing a writing support
making quires and sheets
preparing the page
copying the text
correcting the text
decorating the book
binding the book
using the book
> Correcting the Text > Signe de Renvoi

X marks the spot

When a scribe noticed that text was missing he usually inserted the missing words next or over the place where they were needed. The reader would know when to read them from the context. However, if the omission encompassed one or more lines it could be challenging to determine at which point they should be read, and the correction may not have fitted between the lines of the text.
In such cases the scribe would reach out to the reader and connect the marginal insertion to its proper location with a symbol called a signe de renvoi. They were usually simple symbols, such as crosses, lines, or sequences of dots. In this example the connection is made with an "I", which is placed both in front of the marginal insertion and over the first text line.